Monthly Archives: March 2009

Brain Fitness Program

Cognitive Resource Intervention:

Note: This program engages the brain’s neuroplasticity to target the root causes of changes in brain function that occur with age, rather than teaching how to compensate for those changes.  Posit Science programs are designed to be easy-to-use and to fit into any lifestyle. Regular use can range from a few minutes a day to as much time as a user prefers. However, our science team has created recommended schedules to guide users and ensure that they experience the best program benefits. One session in these schedules averages between 40 and 60 minutes.  Whatever schedule you choose, keep in mind that as with physical fitness, brain fitness requires some time to achieve. You cannot expect great results without putting in some effort!

Goal: To improve memory and concentration skills in adults.

  • Objective 1: Upon completion of the program, client will show an increase in brain speed functioning.  In every program exercise, the sensory stimuli begin at a slower pace and gradually speed up with the aim of retraining the brain to process information at high speeds.
  • Objective 2: Upon completion of the program, client will show improvements in accuracy.  This program incorporates patented technology that algorithmically processes and adjusts the stimuli based on user responses with the goal of helping the brain refine its accuracy.
  • Objective 3: Upon completion of the program, client will exhibit strengthened recording.  This program is specifically designed to exercise the brain machinery that accounts for recording strength.

Additional Resources that may be strengthened:
-Build psychological resources by instilling competency, strengthening self-esteem, and     maintaining independence.
-Builds social resources by empowering adults to engage more in social situations.

Enhancing the Leisure Experience:

Savoring Leisure: Provide opportunities to reminisce and reflect upon the program experiences, and allow the client to reflect on positive moods while engaged in the activity.

Authentic Leisure: Allow for autonomy in the activity and support the client’s strengths and competencies.

Leisure Gratification: This program continuously evaluates the skill level of the client to ensure the activity isn’t too simple or exceeds the client’s skills.

Mindful Leisure: Theme the intervention differently to introduce novelty, and provide opportunities to reflect on the present moment.

The Brain Fitness Procedures:

The Brain Fitness Program features six computer-based exercises. These exercises are designed to be very easy to use, even for computer novices. The exercises adapt to individual level, and give constant feedback about progress.   Follow the prompts and directions of the program.
The Brain Fitness Program strengthens the brain’s auditory system in many ways. This improvement has a widespread ripple effect, enhancing overall brain function.

Specific auditory targets include:
Speeding up auditory processing. As people grow older, their speed of auditory processing gradually slows—but speech coming in does not! Speeding up auditory processing helps you keep up with rapid-fire speech you might hear when participating in an important meeting, talking to your grandchildren, or listening to a comedian.
Clarifying sound discrimination. When you are able to hear each sound in each word with more clarity, you can store clearer, more detailed memories of what you heard. You can then recall these memories with clearer detail later, helping you be more fluid in conversation and find words “on the tip of your tongue” more easily.
Sharpening sound precision. Training your brain to hear sounds with similar structures (such as /d/ and /t/ or /s/ and /st/) with greater precision helps you encode memories more accurately. This is what helps you remember if your new co-worker is named Don or Tom or Tim or John, whether your friend said to meet at 3:15 or 3:50, and much more.
Improving sound sequencing. Sound sequencing describes the brain’s ability to remember what you hear in order. Being able to hold strings of information in mind long enough to use them can help you stay on top of daily tasks. For example, many people have said that they remember what to buy at the store even when they leave their list at home.
Strengthening auditory working memory. Working memory is what enables you to keep information in mind long enough to act on it or transfer it to long-term memory. Improving your auditory working memory helps you remember and follow information that comes in through sound—from a list of assigned to-do items to how to care for an exotic plant.
Enhancing narrative memory. Much of what we hear each day comes in through narratives—from our children, teachers, tour guides, friends, co-workers, favorite actors. As memory for narrative details improves, people often feel willing to take on new activities or tasks with the confidence that they will be able to succeed with ease. Traveling to new places, joining a new class, and accepting more responsibility at work are a few examples.
Taken together, these changes help people feel better equipped to communicate in every setting, making them more confident and more willing to engage in new experiences.

The Benefits of Using More Than One Program:

Each Posit Science program is effective independently, but they are designed to complement one another. Each program focuses attention on a specific domain of the brain—the auditory cortex for the Brain Fitness Program and the visual cortex for InSight—while still giving the brain a widespread workout. We believe that doing both will amplify positive effects and help users feel as sharp as possible.

Screen Shot Exercise Name Goal
bfp1_ex_ss High or Low? Encourages faster sound processing to help the brain respond to even the quickest speech.
Your task is to identify two auditory “sweeps” (sounds that sweep up or down across frequencies).  The sweeps speed up as you improve, so that the exercise is always pushing your brain to speed up too.  Primary focus: Auditory processing speed.
bfp2_ex_ss Tell Us Apart Gives the brain practice distinguishing similar sounds to help it interpret speech and store clear memories of it.
Choose which of the two similar syllables you heard.  It’s harder than you think—the sounds are synthesized by the computer to focus your neural processing.  Primary focus: Discriminating sounds.
bfp3_ex_ss Match It! Aims to improve the clarity of memory by sharpening the precision with which the brain processes sound.
In this game of Memory (also called Concentration), you click “cards” to match sounds together.  Processed speech and similar sounds make this exercise a serious workout! Primary focus: sound precision.
bfp4_ex_ss Sound Replay Pushes the brain to remember information in order, which affects the ability to engage in and remember conversation.
Try to remember a series of syllables, then click the button representing those syllables in order.  As in Match It!, the speech is specially processed and the syllables are similar to one another.  To challenge your brain even more, the exercise adds syllables as you improve.  Primary focus: sound sequencing
bfp5_ex_ss Listen and Do Works out working memory, the short-term memory that is critical in almost all cognitive tasks related to thinking.
In this exercise, you listen to a series of instructions, then follow them in order.  The exercise begins with two fairly simple instructions and works you up to as many as six highly detailed instructions.  Primary focus: working memory.
bfp6_ex_ss Story Teller Promotes stronger memory for details to strengthen communication abilities.
After listening to a story segment, you answer details about what you heard.  The story segments grow longer as your memory gets stronger! Primary focus: narrative memory.


Screen Shot Exercise Name Goal
insight1_ex_ss Bird Safari Sharpens your visual precision and expands your useful field of view so you capture more visual information, more accurately
insight2_ex_ss Jewel Diver Exercises divided attention so you can track multiple moving objects at the same time
insight3_ex_ss Sweep Seeker Speeds up visual processing so you can spot and react to things more quickly
insight4_ex_ss Road Tour Expands your useful field of view and speeds up processing for safer navigation and faster reaction
insight5_ex_ss Master Gardener Works out your working memory so you can recall visual details